Sentence Fragments | Return to Film Library
A sentence fragment is called an incomplete sentence. All complete sentences have both a subject and a predicate. The subject is who or what the sentence is about. The predicate describes what the subject is doing. Don’t forget the end mark: a period, question mark, or exclamation point. Subject & Verb + End Mark = Complete Sentence.
Einstein: Quite simply, every complete sentence has a subject and a verb. Take this sentence as an example: The alien is hungry.
Alien: I’m so hungry. Need food. Must invade planet earth to find food.
Einstein: In that sentence (“The alien is hungry”), alien is the subject; is hungry is the predicate. But “need food” and “must invade planet earth to find food” are fragments. They do not have a subject.
Alien: Yummy, yummy food!
Einstein: That is also a fragment because it has no verb.
Alien: So is a fragment always short?
Einstein: No, some sentences are very short like “I dance.” Fragments can be either short or long. Take this one for example. “Although the alien is hungry” is a fragment. It is a dependent clause. These start with what’s called a subordinate conjunction. Words like although, if, because, after, while, since are all subordinate conjunctions.
Alien: Ah, that makes sense. Thank you.
Einstein: No problem. Now you know all you need to know about fragments. Always make sure your sentences have both a subject and a verb. Thanks for watching. Bye for now!